Have you ever seen an animal having Four Horns?A small light brown antelope found in Deciduous forests prefersa tree and savanna habitat. Looks similar to ‘Chinkara’but bears distinct four horns, makes them the only mammal in the world bearing four horns known as ‘Chousingha’.
This smallest bovid in Asia weighing about 15 to 25 Kilograms often lives near water. It uses the same defecating sites regularly; this probably serves as a means of territorial demarcation or might be for communication purposes.
They are split in Three Subspecies: Tetracerus Quadricornis, Sub-Quadricornis and Tetracerus Quadricornis Iodes.
By IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) these come under the list of endangered animals. These rare denizens are considered vulnerable and uncommon.
Study done on Four Horned Antelopes suggests that invasive weed Lantana Camara can directly reduce habitat availability for the species by changing the habitat type and structure hence making these bovids vulnerable. You need a seasoned field Biologist/Naturalist to spot these areas, as these animals lives in Transition Zones or Ecotones and are shy, they can merge with the surroundings well.
As in Kanha National park a lot of measures have been taken by the forest management for eradication of lantana camara. As an outcome of these methods the four horned antelope population is stable and they are in safe heaven, but as they reside in distinct habitats we need keen eyes and in-depth knowledge of habitats to spot the areas with weeds.
Seeing these bovids we get astound as they evolved between 8 to 9 millionyears ago and changed the least since the origin. We should say that these creatures are "living fossils” and are following the basic law of nature “survival of the fittest” for ages.